What is Dementia Or Alzheimer’s?

What is Alzheimer’s disease?

The older the more ignorant, the older the more silly is not inevitable phenomenon of the elderly only part of the older people with age will suffer from Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease is a major disease affecting the brain, in simple terms, the patient’s brain will have the phenomenon of functional degradation.

Older people are more susceptible (65 years or older: 4-8% 80 years and older: 20%)

main problem:

A, memory decline

B, intelligence and brain function degradation (Cognitive Decline)

C, self-care ability decreased (ADL)

D, behavioral problems and psychiatric symptoms (Challenging Behaviour and Psychiatric Symptoms)

2A. What are the initial symptoms of patients?

Ten Alzheimer ‘s alarm

  1. Memory decline, affecting daily activities
  2. Difficulties in dealing with familiar things
  3. Confusion about time, place and person
  4. Judgment diminishes
  5. Put things in an inappropriate place
  6. Problems with more abstract ideas
  7. Emotional or behavioral changes
  8. Change of character
  9. Lose the initiative to do things
  10. Express or understand the language difficulties

2B. What will be the symptoms of patients in the late?

The development of symptoms varies from person to person, but also due to different causes and vary

2.  Medium term

Memory and self-care ability continues to decline

Personality change / emotional instability / stubborn / bad temper

The state of mind is different day and night (Sundowner)

The ability to lose time and place

Action and slow thinking

Judgment Ability + Analytical Ability + Speech Ability Degradation

Behavioral problems (emotional, tantrum, violence, suspicion, shouting, spitting, losing homemade, dung)

Psychotic symptoms (depression, hallucinations, delusions, anxiety)

3.  Late

Completely dependent on others to take care of

Loss of language and communication skills

Loss of activity


  1. What causes Alzheimer’s disease?

Cause: divided into four categories

  1. Alzheimer’s disease (50%) (Alzheimer’s Disease)
  2. Multi Infarct Dementia or Vascular Dementia = similar to a number of minor strokes (more than 15%),
  3. Lewy body-positive dementia
  4. Other rare causes
  5. How to prevent Alzheimer’s disease?

Although there is no sure way to effectively prevent Alzheimer’s disease, the following points will make the elderly maintain mental health:

  1. – Prevent head trauma
  2. – Early treatment, minimizing impact
  3. – for vascular dementia: no smoking, attention to blood pressure, prevention of diabetes, avoid excessive and high-fat diet
  4. – Do more exercise
  5. – Daily plan and daily social life
  6. – Do not stop using the brain, multi-purpose brain thinking, learn more new things
  7. How to treat Alzheimer’s disease?

Major principles:

  1. Early diagnosis and treatment
  2. For the causes and lists the various problems

Treatment mainly do the following:

  1. Preserve existing skills (Preserve Existing Skills)
  2. Decrease degradation
  3. Maintain the quality of life is not reduced
  4. To the listed problems to make treatment (Problem Orientated)
  5. Support the caregiver

Treatment method:

  1. Drugs
  2. To help the family as a caregiver and to plan for future care
  3. Memory treatment
  4. Reality-oriented therapy
  5. Day Hospital
  6. Support groups
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