Remembrance And What Is A Memorial Day?
A memorial day, also known as an anniversary, marks a specific calendar date that has meaning for different people. There are different backgrounds for such a day. So this can take place in memory of a historical event or to a specific person. Remembrance days are generally a reflection and a memory of the past.
Types of memorial days
Which different anniversaries are there?
There are different types of memorial days. They can be committed, for example, nationally and internationally. For example, there is the International Holocaust Remembrance Day to commemorate the victims of National Socialism. The Day of German Unity, on the other hand, was introduced nationally to commemorate German reunification. Anniversaries can return regularly every year. Such days are also called the term Anniversaries.
In addition, there are anniversaries that recur for example at the rate of 50 or 100 years. In addition, a distinction is made between founding days, birth, death and honorary days. World days should remind of current world problems and international issues, such as the World Environment Day. Especially the days of remembrance of the deceased, the Dead Sunday and All Souls are very important in the Christian tradition.
What is this day of remembrance?
The Dead Sunday is a Protestant memorial day and is also referred to as Eternity Sunday. He is the day when the deceased is traditionally remembered. The Dead Sunday takes place every year in November and is celebrated on the last Sunday before the first advent.
Since the middle Ages, the dead are thought, there were numerous regional days of remembrance. Only since the 19th century was a uniform day introduced with the Sunday of the Dead. Today, this day is often used to visit the cemetery. The graves of the deceased are adorned beautifully by placing wreaths and mourning bouquets on them.
What significance does this day have?
All Souls’ Day is a memorial day that comes from the ceremonial of the Catholic Church. This day is dedicated to the memory of deceased parishioners, as well as the evangelical death Sunday. It takes place every year on the 2nd of November. Through prayer, alms, and intercessions, the sufferings of the souls who, according to religious beliefs, have entered purgatory, are made easier. In addition, the day should strengthen the memory of the deceased. The holiday is associated with the day of remembrance of All Saints, which commemorates the saintly people. All Saints Day is celebrated in the Western Catholic Church on November 1, in the Orthodox only on the Sunday after Pentecost.
Where did the day of remembrance come from?
The memorial day of All Souls is due to the Abbot Odile, who came from the French monastery Cluny. Already in the year 998 in Cluny as well as in all imputed monasteries began to commemorate the deceased believers. Devotion should lead to the deceased becoming communion with God. The time in November is based on an old popular belief. The period from 1 to 8 November was therefore considered the time when the poor souls rose from purgatory. In this “soul week,” the souls ascended to earth to recover from the torments of purgatory.
How are the Dead Sunday and All Souls spent?
Commemorative services are held for the joint commemoration. Usually candles for the deceased are lit in the context of these services. The blessing of the graves usually takes place on All Souls’ Day, but this can also be done the day before, as part of the memorial day of All Saints. These grave blessings are a firm custom and were performed as early as the 16th century. The blessing takes place after the service. The relatives praying at the grave are blessed by the priest or a deacon.
How are the graves decorated?
At All Souls and Dead Sunday, the graves of the deceased are traditionally specially prepared. It is customary to lay arrangements and wreaths of sturdy material on the grave. The grave decorations must be able to withstand the weather in November. Grave lights or grave lanterns are often placed on the graves. These lights symbolize the Catholic faith according to the soul of the deceased and should lead them through the realm of the dead. Grave lights are available in many different versions.